Though they can be picky about their care and environment, propagating String of Pearls plants is a breeze!
The String of Pearls plant is one of the most delicate and one-of-a-kind houseplants. They’re a must-have for any houseplant lover, thanks to their thin stems lined with round bright green leaves that spill out of the pot. Though they can be picky about their care and habitat, growing String of Pearls plants is a breeze! It couldn’t be simpler, and if you follow the right steps, you’ll have plenty of new plants in no time.
We’ll walk you through the entire process of String of Pearls propagation in this post, including a step-by-step guide for each method, the tools you’ll need, and any issues you might run into to ensure a healthy and successful propagation.
But first, why would you want to propagate your String of Pearls in the first place?
Before we begin, you might be wondering why propagating a String of Pearls Plant is beneficial. Here are a few of the most important reasons:
Make more String of Pearls plants without spending any additional money!
Your urban jungle will grow for free if you propagate your String of Pearls plant. If you already have a lot of houseplants, String of Pearls cuttings make great gifts for friends and family. They can be difficult to reach, so I’m sure they’ll appreciate it.
To save a String of Pearls plant that is dying.
If your String of Pearls Plant has started to die due to overwatering (which is easy to do because they are sensitive to damp soil), take some healthy stem cuttings and propagate them to develop new healthy plants. We usually advocate determining the source of the problem first, so you can alter your care routine or environment in the future.
To help your String of Pearls plant blend nicely with its surroundings.
String of Pearls plants can grow quite long as they age, and if they start to touch the ground or become awkward in your space, a trim will help keep them in shape. Why not propagate the gorgeous cuttings to grow new plants instead of tossing them away?
To propagate a String of Pearls plant, you’ll need the following tools and equipment.
Let’s start with the simple stuff: what you’ll need to grow a String of Pearls plant. Before taking any cuttings, double-check that you have everything you need.
String of Pearls plant that is healthy and mature
Scissors/shears that are clean and sharp
Pot that is not in use (s)
Water and new potting soil
If you’re propagating indoors, use a plastic sheet.
Hormone that promotes rooting (optional)
What are my options for propagating my String of Pearls?
Stem cuttings, layering, and division are the three basic techniques of propagation for your String of Pearls plant. The safest option is division, as each piece will already have a well-established root system. However, if you don’t have a mature and bushy plant, it won’t work as well. We’ll go through each option in detail below so you can decide which is best for you and your String of Pearls.
Stem cuttings can be used to propagate a String of Pearls plant.
This is the most frequent technique of propagation for String of Pearls plants because it works for a wide range of maturities and lengths. It’s also quite simple to get right, as a short vine pruning can produce multiple new String of Pearls plants.
Choose one or more healthy vines to work with.
To increase your chances of success when taking a stem cutting, make sure the part of the plant you’re cutting is healthy. Any signs of disease or pests should be avoided because they will be passed on to your new cuttings, reducing your chances of a successful String of Pearls propagation.
Make sure the stem cutting you choose has several nodes on the vine. This is where the stem’s leaves emerge. Because it’s difficult to get a stem cutting without a node on String of Pearls plants because the leaves are so close together, this should suffice.
Create a vine cutting
Cut one or more stem cuttings with clean scissors. To avoid passing on any harmful bacteria to your cutting, make sure your tools are clean. Each stem cutting should be a minimum of 5cm in length. It is entirely up to you how many you choose to cut off.
Upper leaves should be removed.
The top few leaves should be removed, leaving the upper section of the stem bare. Because you’ll be planting the cutting in potting soil, you don’t want the leaves to decay and get mushy.
Your cuttings should be planted in new potting soil.
Put the bare end of your String of Pearls cutting into new potting mix with care. You should use a succulent-specific potting mix to guarantee that your plant gets all of the nutrients and ingredients it needs. Perlite is essential for soil drainage and aeration.
Water your cuttings sparingly.
To minimize overwatering, we use a spray bottle to water our String of Pearls cuttings. They don’t require a lot of water and may soon rot if left in wet soil for too long.
For a while, there may not be much happening above the earth, which means this step of the String of Pearls propagation process might be tedious. However, do not remove your stem cutting(s) from the soil, since this will destroy any fragile roots that have developed. You should be alright as long as your cutting appears to be healthy.
Continue to look after your String of Pearls as usual.
You could notice some new leaves coming from the cutting now that your vines are well potted into soil and the roots have begun to grow. Those vines will be long enough to propagate again in no time!
How to layer a String of Pearls plant for propagation
The first thing to keep in mind about this method is that it differs significantly from the air layering method of propagation. This necessitates cutting into the stem and wrapping it in peat moss. It’s a lot more complicated than layering.
Look for a strong stem.
For this method of propagation, you’ll want to make sure you choose a nice, healthy stem, as any problems will jeopardize your chances of a successful propagation.
Fill a spare pot halfway with new dirt.
To ensure that your cutting receives the appropriate balance of nutrients, use a high-quality potting mix. It’s also crucial to use a well-draining potting mix (search for high perlite levels), as this will help to prevent soggy soil.
On top of the potting mix, place the stem.
Place your String of Pearls cutting on top of the container with care. We like to wrap it in circles so that each node is in contact with the earth. Gently press each node into the potting mix, but don’t bury the stem or leaves.
Keep your node hydrated.
At all times, you want to keep some moisture in the top of the potting mix. A small amount of moisture is required to support root growth, but not enough to damage the stem. A spray bottle is the most effective tool for this.
The only thing left to do now that your String of Pearls vine is happy in its container and you’re watering it once in a while is to wait. Above the ground, nothing will happen for several weeks. Disturbing and pulling the stem away from the potting mix will slow and upset root growth, so don’t do it all the time.
Maintain your usual routine of care.
New String of Pearls leaves will emerge from some of the nodes soon enough, producing their own vines. The propagation of your String of Pearls is now complete! Enjoy your new plant and treat it the same way you would your mother!
How to divide the mother plant to propagate a String of Pearls plant
When your String of Pearls Plant is quite bushy and has a lot of vines that you don’t mind dividing up into several smaller plants, this method of propagation is ideal. This method is also ideal for those who do not want to wait weeks or months for new roots and leaves to appear. You can instantly get several new String of Pearls plants using the division propagation method!!
Remove your String of Pearls plant from its container.
You’ll need to separate the different vines to propagate your String of Pearls using the division method. The first step is to carefully lift your plant out of the pot, being careful not to damage the delicate leaves or root system.
Remove the vines from the vines.
To detangle the plant, you may need to cut off the odd root, but you should be able to pull the vines apart fairly easily. Before dividing the vines, make sure each one has its own healthy roots. The vines should then be grouped together to form new plants. It’s entirely up to you how many new plants you want to grow and how bushy each one is.
Fill each each portion with new potting soil.
Return your mother String of Pearls plant to its original container (or downsize slightly if you have taken away a substantial amount of the original plant as this will help with stability and avoiding waterlogged soil). Then, in a well-draining potting mix, pot your new plant(s). Make sure you’re using fresh soil at all times, as germs and pests can persist in the soil unnoticed.
Continue to care for your String of Pearls as usual.
You’re finished with your String of Pearls propagation! Make sure your String of Pearls are getting enough light and warmth, and they’ll be big enough to proliferate again before you know it!